Edith Elizabeth APPLETON  O.B.E.  R.R.C.

This page last updated: 18 May 2009

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Tonbridge School visit to Ypres
Tuesday 5 May 2009

On Tuesday 5 May 2009 a party from Tonbridge School visited Ypres to dedicate a plaque in St George’s Memorial Chapel.  The plaque commemorates Old Tonbridgians (OTs) who fought and died in the First World War, and in particular those who fell in the Ypres Salient.  I was interested to join this party both as an Old Tonbridgian (Parkside House 1955-60) and, significantly for me, because my great aunt Edie had served as a nurse very close to Ypres, at No 3 Casualty Clearing Station which was based at Hazebrouck from August 1914, moved to Poperinghe in April 1915 and, a month later under fire, moved to Bailleul. She was posted from the CCS at Bailleul to General Hospital No. 1 at Etretat in November 1915 but, during her period just behind the front lines, Edie writes daily in her diary not only about her experience of dealing with hundreds of wounded men from the trenches but also about her other experiences.  See volumes 1 and 2 of Edie's diaries.

Dick Robinson
May 2009

The trip was by coach and Eurotunnel direct to Ypres with a running commentary from Ian Taylor, roughly a contemporary of mine at Tonbridge, who now acts as a Battlefield Tour Guide specializing in the Second World War but with a great deal of information about the Great War.  His comments were interspersed with showings on a TV screen in the coach of some films (mostly made in the 1990s) recording the memories of the few remaining Tommies who had themselves been in the trenches and were then mostly in their 90s and some over 100.  At the time of writing (May 2009) there now remains alive only the redoubtable Harry Patch who is 110 years old (more information at: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Harry_Patch). 

Our route took us on a loop south then east of Ypres to Tyne Cot cemetery where a short wreath laying dedication took place.  Tyne Cot is at the highest point of the Ypres Salient and contains 11,500 graves; it is the largest Commonwealth cemetery in the world and the most important reminder of the bloody battle of Passchendaele.  There is a memorial – a long wall – commemorating all those who fell in the Salient from August 1917 and have no known grave; there are 35,000 names on it including eight OTs.




Click on images to enlarge

63 OTs are either buried or commemorated in and around Ypres.  In the summer term of 1914 there were 436 boys in the school. 2,300 OTs served in the war and 415 of these were killed; at least double this number were wounded, some of them more than once.


Left: the names being cleaned just
happened to be ‘Robinson’.


Click on images to enlarge


Right: it’s really hard work
putting on those puttees!
Click here for some help.

We entered the town via the Menin (Menen) Gate and walked to St George’s Memorial Church past the restored St Martin's Cathedral and Cloth Hall. Edie makes many references to Ypres and 19 May 1915, in Volume 1, writes:
Ypres is dead - a silent town of broken and burnt houses and destroyed streets - unburied bodies lie all about the place a scene of utter desolation. A few of our Military police are stationed there and an occasional shell comes over - otherwise all is finished."

But in July and August 1915 (in Volume 2 of her diaries) Edie records sitting on hills overlooking Ypres.  Here's an example from 31 July: "Had the 1/2 day off duty, having evacuated 2 of my 6 cases. I  called for Miss Congleton & took tea on to Mt Noir.  Sat in a lonely spot overlooking Ypres -- & had it."

Left: St Martin's Cathedral and
the Cloth Hall – (behind) both
demolished in the war.


Click on images to enlarge


Right: the ruins of
the Cathedral and
Cloth Hall in 1917


A brief service of dedication took place in St Georges's Memorial Chapel with a small choir from the school – they sang beautifully – and a young trumpeter who played the Last Post and Reveille – best of the three times we heard it on the day - and the names of 63 OTs who died at Ypres were read out.

Left: Service of Dedication in St Georges's Memorial Chapel
(Image thanks to
Guy Bell, GBPhotos.com)

Click on images to enlarge

Right: the newly dedicated plaque


Two memorials I noted in the Church were those of Field Marshall Sir John French, First Earl of Ypres (left) and Field Marshall Viscount Plumer (right), both of whom Edie mentions as having seen: French on 8 August and Plumer on 12 August 1915 (see Volume 2).




Click on images to enlarge


After supper in the Vivaldi restaurant we made our way to the Menin Gate for the Last Post Ceremony. Several hundred people of all ages had assembled under the huge arch which was erected and unveiled in July 1927. It stands on the site of an old gateway on the road to Menin which leads into the town and along which tens of thousands of British soldiers marched on their way to the trenches.

The Last Post has been sounded here since 1929. See The Great War website for full information; here's an excerpt:

"From 11 November, 1929 the Last Post has been sounded at the Menin Gate memorial every night and in all weathers. The only exception to this was during the four years of the German occupation of Ypres from 20 May 1940 to 6 September 1944. The daily ceremony was instead continued in England at Brookwood Military Cemetery, Surrey. On the very evening that Polish forces liberated Ypres the ceremony was resumed at the Menin Gate, in spite of the heavy fighting still going on in other parts of the town."

Above: Some information about the Menin Gate

Click on images to enlarge

Right: part of the huge crowd gathered to hear
the Last Post and Reveille and to lay wreaths



Left: the Tonbridge trumpeter playing
the Last Post and Reveille in
St George's Chapel.


Click on images to enlarge
(Both images thanks to
Guy Bell, GBPhotos.com)


Right: Last Post at the Menin Gate


Left: the Menin Gate

Click on images to enlarge

Right: Sign on a minibus.
With so many cemeteries and so many visitors, inhabitants of this area of
Belgium might well agree!

A most moving day, both to commemorate all those young men who died and as my first visit to see the area Edie had described so remarkably in her diaries.

With grateful acknowledgement to David Walsh for information about OTs who we were commemorating and to the OT Society for organising this trip.


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